Biodegradation, is the process where the carbon-based material goes through a change from complex modules into simpler ones before returning to the environment. In most cases, this process is completed with the help of living organisms such as bacteria, fungi, and worms. These organisms take on the role of breaking down the matter into new matter.
The process of biodegradation is used in the creation of compost. When composting, organic materials break down into a nutrient-rich soil with the assistance of worms and bacteria. These organisms intake the organic material and process it into its final form while some bacteria convert nitrogen from the air into a more accessible form for the plant.
Bio-Tec Environmental. “What is Biodegradation?” Bio-Tec Environmental. http://www.goecopure.com/what-is-biodegradation.aspx. Accessed July 20, 2016.
Washington State University. “Compost Benefits & Uses.” Compost Fundamentals. http://whatcom.wsu.edu/ag/compost/fundamentals/benefits_benefits.htm. July 20, 2016.